# The AP on the Street 47th week of 2023 – Trending Factors

The latest edition of our factor-driven weekly newsletter is here, shedding light on the trending factors from the week of 20.11.2023 – 24.11.2023. Read the e-mail version.

#### Trending factors from last week

As usual, we identify the most performing factors in various groups, such as Momentum, Quality, Size, Trend, and Volatility. In this edition, we’ll delve into the top movers: Volume_RSI_2 (Momentum group of factors) and CurrencyVolume_1 (Size group of factors).

#### Description of selected factors

##### Volume RSI 2:

(2 is the number of days where we analyze the factor)

• Purpose: Volume_RSI, or Volume Relative Strength Index, is a metric that applies the concept of the Relative Strength Index (RSI) to trading volume. RSI is commonly used to assess the momentum of price movements, and Volume_RSI extends this concept to measure the strength of trading volume.
• Calculation: Similar to RSI, Volume_RSI is calculated based on the ratio of average gains to average losses over a specified period. It is then normalized on a scale of 0 to 100.
• Interpretation: In general theory, a high Volume_RSI indicates strong buying interest and potential overbought conditions, while a low Volume_RSI suggests strong selling interest and potential oversold conditions. Traders often look for divergences between price movements and Volume_RSI to identify potential trend reversals.
• Application: Volume_RSI can be used to confirm trends observed in price movements, providing additional insights into the strength of market participants’ convictions.
##### Currency Volume 1:
• Purpose: CurrencyVolume is a metric that focuses on the volume of trading activity within a specific stock. It provides information about the liquidity and overall trading interest in a particular stock.
• Calculation: CurrencyVolume is a straightforward measure of the total trading volume within a specified time frame, typically expressed in terms of the base currency. It reflects the total amount of the base currency traded in the market.
• Interpretation: In general theory, a higher CurrencyVolume indicates increased liquidity and interest in particular asset (both buy or sell signals), potentially suggesting a more active and efficient trading environment. Conversely, lower CurrencyVolume may imply reduced interest and lower liquidity.
• Application: Currency volume is a valuable metric for evaluating the intensity of market sell-offs or buy-offs. Keeping track of this metric can assist investors in anticipating market movements.

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##### Factor Statistics 20.11.2023 – 24.11.2023
Top mover factor within the factor groupMover valueFactor groupGroup total value
Volume_RSI_2+8.1983momentum-0.1589
CapExToMarketCap_reported_Change_66+0.0353quality+0.0003
CurrencyVolume_1+1.1776size+0.0214
Volume_EMA_2+0.3661trend+0.0021
PriceBookValueRatio_reported_calc_Change_126-0.1029value-0.0107
AR1_LogPrice_4_weeks-0.9380volatility-0.0535

During the examination period, Volume_RSI factor weight moved up 820% while the whole category where it is in (momentum) declined by 16%.
In the meantime, the other factor under our examination, Currency Volume 1, increased by 118%, and the whole trend category increased by a very small 0.02%.

#### Statistics for factors

##### Factor Statistics 1990 – 2023

Top mover factor within the factor groupT-StatP-ValueDirection
Volume_RSI_2+2.1755+0.01487+1.0
CurrencyVolume_1+3.0550+0.0011-1.0

In the table, we can see the T-Stat and P-Value for the entire period of history for which we evaluate the factors, i.e. 1990 – 2023. The Direction value shows the direction in which the factor affects the movement of the share price, +1 expresses the positive impact of the increasing factor on the share price, and -1 expresses the negative impact of the increasing value of the factor on the share price.

The charts below show Factor Statistics 1990 – 2023 for the 2 selected factors from the previous week.

While the next one shows the behavior of the factors in the last 3 years.

##### Factor Statistics 2020 – 2023

Top mover factor within the factor groupT-StatP-ValueDirection
Volume_RSI_2-0.0171+0.5068-1.0
CurrencyVolume_1+0.4967+0.3099+1.0

The charts below show Factor Statistics 2020 – 2023 for the 2 selected factors from the previous week.

Note that the effect on price movements for both factors has been exactly the opposite of the long-term history over the past three years.

##### Factor Statistics Insights

Let’s delve into the performance analysis of the two factors over the past three years initially. In the short term, examining both CurrencyVolume and Volume_RSI reveals a challenge in discerning a clear trend and performance distinction among quantiles. This ambiguity can be attributed to the super high p-values, diminishing the reliability of these features (Volume_RSI_2 P-Value: 0.51, CurrencyVolume_1 P-Value: 0.31).

However, a more optimistic picture emerges when considering the longer timeframe. Notably, distinct performance variations exist among quintiles for both factors. A clear division between quantiles becomes apparent.

Taking a closer look at CurrencyVolume, the factor exhibits a negative direction (as indicated in the table), signifying that a high value of CurrencyVolume leads to low performance in the long term. Q5 is notably lagging behind Q1. The factor is supported by a significantly low p-value of 0.1%, affirming that these results are not random.

Conversely, Volume_RSI demonstrates a positive direction. A substantial difference is observed between Q5, displaying robust growth, and Q1, reflecting the least growth. Additionally, Q4 also exhibits strong growth, at times overlapping with Q5. These results are reinforced by a low p-value of 1% in the long term.