Blog

The AP on the Street 46th week of 2023 – Trending Factors

Trending Factors - Factor Investing
Advice & Tips / Learn with AP / The AP on the Street

The AP on the Street 46th week of 2023 – Trending Factors

The 6 factor-driven weekly newsletter is here. Let’s look at the trending factors from last week (13.11.2023 – 17.11.2023) as detected by our factor investing software. First, we identify the most performing Factors in every Group of Factors (Momentum, Quality, Size, Trend, Volatility). In the second step, we are focusing in more detail on two selected factors. Read the e-mail version.

Trending factors from last week

In this newsletter, we will focus on Price Earning Ratio Position 66 days which jumped the most within the Value Factor Group. Next, we look at Volume KAMA 10 days which moved the most in the trend group of factors.

Description of selected factors

Price to Earnings Ratio Relative Position 66 – Assessing Valuation Metrics:

Price to Earnings Ratio (P/E Ratio) Relative Position 66 is a metric employed to evaluate how expensive the stock is compared to its history.
The calculation involves determining the position of the P/E Ratio relative to the historical position over 66 days. A higher relative position suggests that the stock may be overvalued, while a lower position may indicate undervaluation.

Volume Kama 10 days – Assessing Smoothed Trading Volumes:

Volume Kama over 10 days is a metric utilized to analyze smoothed trading volumes within a 10-day period. The Kaufman Adaptive Moving Average (Kama) is applied to volume data, providing a smoothed representation of trading activity.
This analysis focuses on identifying trends and patterns in trading volumes while reducing the impact of short-term fluctuations. The Kama indicator adapts to changes in market conditions, offering a more nuanced perspective on trading dynamics.
A rising Volume Kama suggests sustained and increasing trading interest, while a declining trend may indicate a potential decrease in market activity. Traders and analysts can leverage this information to assess the overall health of the market and make more informed decisions based on smoothed volume data.

Invest in the forces that move stock prices

Leverage the power of factor investing with revolutionary software

Factor Statistics 13.11.2023 – 17.11.2023
Top mover factor within the factor groupMover valueFactor groupGroup total value
PLUS_DI_2+2.7458Momentum-0.2464
OperCashFlowToMarketCap_reported_Position_66-0.1680Quality-0.0046
CurrencyVolumeRelChange_5vs10-1.7475Size-0.2337
Volume_KAMA_10_y-0.0628Trend+0.0006
PriceEarningsRatio_reported_Position_66+0.5178Value+0.0581
T_statistic_5-1.4103Volatility-0.1075
Top Movers by Factor 13.11.2023 – 17.11.2023

During the examination period, PriceEarning position 66 weight moved up 52% while the whole category where it is in (value) also increased by a smaller 6%.
In the meantime, the other factor under our examination, Volume KAMA 10, decreased by -6%, and the whole trend category increased by a very small 0.07%.

Let’s take a look at how traders who believed in the two most trending factors have fared in recent years

Statistics for factors

Factor Statistics 1990 – 2023

Top mover factor within the factor groupT-StatP-ValueDirection
Volume_KAMA_10_y1.68290.0462+1.0
PriceEarningsRatio_reported_Position_663.81370.0001-1.0

In the table, we can see the T-Stat and P-Value for the entire period of history for which we evaluate the factors, i.e. 1990 – 2023. The Direction value shows the direction in which the factor affects the movement of the share price, +1 expresses the positive impact of the increasing factor on the share price, and -1 expresses the negative impact of the increasing value of the factor on the share price.

The charts below show Factor Statistics 1990 – 2023 for the 2 selected factors from the previous week.

Factor Statistics 1990 – 2023 Price Earnings Ratio reported Position 66 and Volume KAMA 10 y
Long-Short Portfolio Returns 1990 – 2023, X-axis – time, Y-axis – returns. Price Earnings Ratio reported Position 66 – left part. Volume KAMA 10y – right part

While the next one shows the behavior of the factors in the last 3 years.

Factor Statistics 2020 – 2023

Top mover factor within the factor groupT-StatP-ValueDirection
Volume_KAMA_10_y0.74700.2279+1.0
PriceEarningsRatio_reported_Position_66-0.44520.6716-1.0


The charts below show Factor Statistics 2020 – 2023 for the 2 selected factors from the previous week.

Factor Statistics 2020 – 2023 Price Earnings Ratio reported Position 66 and Volume KAMA 10y
Long-Short Portfolio Returns 2020 – 2023, X-axis – time, Y-axis – returns. Price Earnings Ratio reported Position 66 – left part. Volume KAMA 10y – right part
Factor Statistics Insights

Let’s check into the performance analysis of the two factors over the past three years first.

In the short term, examining both the Price-to-Earnings ratio position and KAMA reveals a challenge in discerning a clear trend and performance distinction among quantiles. This ambiguity can be attributed to the elevated p-values, rendering these features less reliable. However, a more encouraging picture emerges when considering the longer timeframe. Notably, distinct performance variations exist among quintiles for both factors.

Taking KAMA into account, it is clear that Q5, representing the quintile with the highest KAMA, outperformed all other quantiles. Importantly, the associated p-value falls within an acceptable range, reinforcing the credibility of this factor.

The situation is even better for the Price-to-Earnings ratio. An even better division is visible among quintiles, with higher P/E values correlating with poorer performance—consistent with the value factor outlined in the Fama and French model. The reliability of this metric is robust, supported by a very low p-value, indicating a high level of confidence in the results.